Agents of Socialization - Social Group Agents

Socialization allows persons learn to act efficiently in their social settings. When does the socialization process happen? How do we learn to use the artifacts of the material culture of our society? What are the ideals, values, and principles that reflect the non-material society adopted? This learning takes place through contact with numerous socialization agents, such as peer groups and friends, plus both formal and informal social institutions.

The first socialization opportunities are also given by social networks. Families, and later peer groups, share desires and strengthen standards.

Social Group Agents

The first socialization opportunities are also given by social networks. Families, and later peer groups, share desires and strengthen standards. In these contexts, individuals first learn to use the physical artifacts of material culture, as well as to introduce themselves to society's ideals and values.



The first agent of socialization is kin. Moms and dads, brothers and grandparents, plus extended family friends, all tell a kid what he or she wants to do. "They show the child, for instance, how to use items (such as clothing, machines, eating utensils, books, bikes); how to relate to others (some as "family," some as "friends," others as "strangers" or "teachers" or "neighbors"); and how the world operates (what is "real" and what is "imagined"). If you are aware, socialization includes training and learning about an unending variety of artifacts and concepts, either from your own experience as a child or your role in helping to raise one. However, it is important to bear in mind that families do not socialize in a vacuum with kids. Several social variables influence how a family raises its children. For example, to understand that human actions are influenced by the historical period in which they take place, we should use sociological creativity. Sixty years ago, if he misbehaved, it would not have been considered overly strict for a father to beat his son with a wooden spoon or a belt, but today the same behavior may be known as child violence.


In socialization, sociologists understand that ethnicity, social status, religion, and other cultural influences play an important role. For example, when raising their children, poor families typically prioritize loyalty and conformity, whereas wealthier families emphasize judgement and imagination. This may be because parents in the middle class have less qualifications and more repetitive occupations for which the desire to obey and comply with laws benefits. Wealthy parents tend to have higher schooling and often work in management roles or in occupations that involve innovative problem solving, so they impart habits that would be helpful in these positions to their children. This suggests that children are socialized and raised successfully to take on the sorts of work their parents already have, thus reproducing the class hierarchy. Children are also socialized to abide by gender norms, race perceptions, and behaviors related to class.


Peer Groups

A peer community consists of individuals who are equal in age and social class and who share interests. Socialization in peer groups starts in the early years, such as when children instruct younger kids on a playground the conventions of turning or the rules of a game or how to shoot a basket. This process continues as kids mature into adolescents. For teenagers, peer groups are important in a new way, as they begin to establish an identity that is distinct from their parents and exercise independence. A peer group consists of people who are equal and share values in age and social status. In the early years, socialization in peer groups continues, such as when children teach younger children on a playground the spinning norms or a game's rules or how to shoot a basket. When infants grow into adults, this trend continues. For adolescents, as they begin to develop an identity that is distinct from their parents and exercise freedom, peer groups are relevant in a new way.


Institutional Agents

Our socialization is also influenced by the social structures of our society. Formal institutions educate people how to act in and manage these structures, such as classrooms, workplaces, and the state. By inundating us with messages about norms and aspirations, other structures, such as the media, contribute to socialization.



Most kids spend about seven hours a day at school, 180 days a year, which makes it impossible to ignore the value of school to their socialization. The obvious function of this method is not just for students in school to learn algebra, reading, science, and other topics. By socializing children through activities such as teamwork, following a timetable, and using textbooks, schools often serve a latent role of society. Rituals in school and classroom, led by teachers who act as role models and mentors, consistently improve what society wants from children. This part of schools is defined by sociologists as the secret curriculum, the informal teaching that schools do.


The Workplace

Much as kids spend most of their day at school, many American adults spend a large amount of time at a place of work at some point. While socialized since birth into their society, employees need fresh socialization in a workplace, both in terms of material culture (such as how to use the copy machine) and non-material culture (such as if it is okay to talk directly to the supervisor or how to share the refrigerator). Various occupations require various ways of socialization. In the past, before retirement, several persons worked a single career. The tendency nowadays is to move jobs at least once a decade. Between the ages of 18 and 44, the younger set's average baby boomer worked 11 different positions. This suggests that people ought to be socialized in a number of job settings and socialized by them.



While certain religions may prefer to be casual, this section focuses on activities related to formal institutions. For certain individuals, faith is an important avenue of socialization. There are mosques, temples, churches, and similar religious groups in Pakistan, where people assemble to pray and read. These sites, like most institutions, show people how to communicate with the material culture of religion. Significant ceremonies related to family structure, such as marriage and birth, are linked to religious celebrations for certain citizens. Many of these organizations maintain gender roles and, through socialization, lead to their compliance. Religion fosters a common collection of socialized ideals that are passed down through society, from ritual rites of passage that support the family unit to power relations that strengthen gender norms.



While we do not think about it, many of the passage rituals that people go through today are based on the government's age norms. To be defined as a "adult" commonly means to be 18 years of age, the age at which a citizen becomes legally responsible for himself. And 60 is the beginning of "old age," because at that point, most persons become eligible for senior benefits. We need to be socialized into this new position any time we embark on one of these new categories: senior, adult, taxpayer.


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Keywords: Sociology, Introduction to sociology, Book of sociology, Culture, Institutions, Organizations, Types of Sociology, What is Sociology, Society, Human Behaviors, PDF Book Sociology, Scope of Sociology, Types of Sociology, Self,

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