Social Organization - Meanings, Forms and Definitions


The structure of individual and group connections is referred to as social organization. The term "organization" refers to the overall technical arrangement of components, while "social" alludes to the fact that social structures emerge from individual and group interactions.

The structure of individual and group connections is referred to as social organization. The term "organization" refers to the overall technical arrangement of components, while "social" alludes to the fact that social structures emerge from individual and group interactions.

Thus, one of the key interests of sociology is to observe and evaluate human society's actions as it occurs in its formal and ordered forms and ties. Individuals, groups, and institutions all contribute to the larger organization that is society. It is a vast network of social relationships that is structured like the parts of a watch. The organizations fit in with other organizations that influence society: the organizational process resembles a human body, a machine, a factory, an office, a bank, and human society. Sociologists are specifically concerned in the discovery and study of:

  1. The individual and groups that impact individual conduct and social foundations;
  2. In their organized behavior, what kinds of social relationships do they have;
  3. How do individuals and groups interact with one another;
  4. How these social ties are maintained, how they deteriorate or dissolve, and what factors influence them; and
  5. How individuals, whether consciously or subconsciously, organize themselves in diverse social settings.

Meanings and Forms of Social Organization

Social organization consists of all the ways in which men live and work together, especially all of the participants of societies programmed, ordered and coordinated relationships. Social organizations arrange and communicate group actions at various levels. They organize and crystallize various individual and collective desires.


Definitions of Social Organization

A social organization, according to Duncan Mitchell, is "the interdependence of components, which is fundamental property of all long lasting collective organizations such as groups or communities and societies."

Organizations, according to Ogburn & Nimkoff, are "groups of people who work together to accomplish a goal."

According to Nimkoff & Ogburn, "An organization is an articulation of various parts performing different functions, an active group device for doing something."

Duncan Mitchell says that, "Social organization means the interdependence of parts of all persistent collective entities, groups, communities and societies that are essential characteristics."

According to Broom and Selznick, an organization implies specialized plan of parts. Social organization implies social relationship among gatherings. People and gatherings interrelated together make social organization. It is the consequence of social association among individuals. It is the organization of social relationship where people and gatherings partake. Every one of the social foundations are social organizations. Affiliations, clubs and any remaining proper gatherings are organizations. Social frameworks are additionally founded on' social organizations. In a coordinated body; its individuals get into each other based on jobs and status. The collaboration among the individuals sets them into organizations. The method of such collaboration is called social organization.

Relationship of Social Organization, Status and Role

According to their social roles, called status, the participants in a social organization conduct their tasks. The tasks conducted in an organization are considered members' positions, and even people conduct their roles in accordance with their rank. Therefore, the basis of social involvement in an association is status and position. If official, an organized body has its duties and rank allocated to its representatives and office bearers. Like office-bearers. The President, Vice-President, and Secretary responsibilities and ranks within an organization are defined by the rules and regulations of that entity. All trade unions and professional associations affiliated with the United Nations Organization (UNO) are social organizations in which participants' roles and status are specified. There are two broad categories of social organizations, namely, those that arise out of kinship and those that result from members' free and voluntary associations.


Relationship of Social Organization and Interaction

The product of social contact is social organization. Interaction between persons, between individuals, between organizations, between classes, between members of a family creates a social organization. Organization implies an association with participants or elements. By contact between them, the members of a family become an organized community. Likewise, the parts of a factory have reciprocal relation with each other. The components of one item travel from one segment to another section before it is finished and then it is translated into a whole by arranging its components. These factory parts communicate with each other and create components of a system, and then these components, organized together, make a machine as a whole complex. All is related to the relationship between sectors, groups and individuals. The outcome of social organization is this development.

Relationship of Social Organization and Social System

The social structure is an ongoing unit that is generated by the interdependence of its components. A structure assigns its components to various roles. Such modules have reciprocal interaction, assisting one another. With the support of each other, these distinct tasks done by separate parts make the entire structure and this interrelation between its parts is called organization. It says the functioning of the sections is a scheme. An individual still holds a socialstructure.


SocialInteraction => Social Organization => Social System


All the three definitions above are interrelated. A family, by contact with its members, is an integrated structure. There is a greater degree of activity in a system than outside the system. By social contact, the members of a family establish an organized community. Although working as a whole, this community is a social system. On the basis of their rank and function, the members communicate. In the household, this fixes them in their respective positions. The family is an organized social entity today. If such an integrated family exists, it is a social structure in a certain situation.


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Categories of Social Organizations - Types of Social Organizations

Keywords: Sociology, Introduction to sociology, Book of sociology, Culture, Institutions, Organizations, Types of Sociology, What is Sociology, Society, Human Behaviors, PDF Book Sociology, Scope of Sociology, Types of Sociology, Self.

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